Meeting 3 – Software and Operating System

Meeting 3Software and Operating System


Software refers to parts of the computer which do not have
a material form, such as programs, data, protocols, etc.
When software is stored in hardware that cannot easily be
modified (such as BIOS ROM in an IBM PC compatible), it is
sometimes called “firmware” to indicate that it falls into an
uncertain area somewhere between hardware and software.

Operating Sytems Software

The operating system is a special type of program
that loads automatically when you start your
The operating system allows you to use the advanced
features of a modern computer without having to
learn all the details of how the hardware works The
link between the hardware and you, the user Makes
the computer easy to use without having to
understand bits and bytes!

Application software

An application program is the type of program that you
use once the operating system has been loaded.
Examples include word-processing programs,
spreadsheets and databases

Example Operating System :

Windows : Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT,
Windows 2000, Windows Me, Windows XP, Windows
Vista, Windows 7
Linux : Red Hat, Ubuntu, GNOME, KDE
Mac OS : Mac OS Classic, Mac OS X

Example Application

• Microsoft Office
• Payroll
• Presentation tools
• Microsoft PowerPoint
• Desktop publishing
• Adobe Photoshop
• Multimedia applications
• Microsoft’s Encarta CD-ROM based
• Encyclopaedias

Information worker software
• Enterprise resource planning
• Accounting software
Data management
• Contact management
• Spreadsheet
• Personal database
• Document automation/assembly
• Word processing
• Desktop publishing software
Banking software

Exercises Meeting-3

1. A special type of program that loads automatically when you start your computer
is …
a. System
b. Software
c. Operating System
d. System Program
e. Application
2. There are examples of Operating System as you know, except :
a. Windows XP
b. Windows 7
c. Windows Tec
e. Genome
3. There are Open Source Operating System :
c. Windows NT
d. A and B True
e. A and C True
4. The type of program that you use once the operating system has been loaded :
a. Operating System
b. System Memory
c. Word Pad
d. Enterprise System
e. Application Software
5. There is the application software for editing image :
a. Power Point
b. Photoshop
c. Acrobat ReaderExercises
d. Adobe Premier
e. Microsoft Excel


1. The Software is ……
2. Give 5 examples of Operating System as you
know …..
3. What is the meaning Open Source Operating
System and give examples …..
4. What is Application Software ….
5. Give 5 examples of Application Software …

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